New Research Increases Confidence in the Benefits of Vegan Diets for Dogs

SOUTHAMPTON, ENGLAND / ACCESSWIRE / May 15, 2024 / A new study has increased confidence in the apparent benefits of vegan diets for dogs. The study reanalysed data within a key 2022 study of 2,536 dogs – the largest published study within this field. That study concluded that the healthiest and least hazardous dog foods were nutritionally-sound vegan diets. However, owner opinions of health were included, which may not always be reliable. For example, owners committed to feeding vegan or meat-based diets might sometimes fail to recognise or report subsequent health problems.

The new study used additional statistical methods, including machine learning, to analyse owner opinions of health. It found these were minimally affected when vegan diets were fed. Stated Prof. Andrew Knight – lead author of the original study, "I was relieved to see confirmation that feeding vegan diets had minimal impact on owner opinions about health. This increases my confidence in the reliability of the owner opinions we used."

The new study focused specifically on subjective owner opinions of health, in contrast to the original study which examined seven general indicators of illness, including more objective data such as the frequency of medication use, therapeutic diet use, and veterinary visits. The original study also analysed the reported assessments of veterinarians concerning dog health, as well the prevalence of 22 of the most common health disorders in dogs. Stated Knight, "The large number of health parameters we studied, and the very large number of dogs included, provide a high degree of confidence in the results."

By May 2024 there were 10 studies in dogs, and three in cats, demonstrating equivalent or superior health outcomes when vegan diets are fed, as well as one systematic review covering both species. In April 2024, the longest, most comprehensive peer-reviewed study demonstrated that dogs fed nutritionally-sound vegan diets maintained health outcomes as well as those fed meat. The study comprehensively analysed blood cells and biochemistry, blood nutrient levels, urine, veterinary clinical parameters, and monthly pet owner questionnaires. It studied 15 dogs fed solely vegan diets for an entire year – just under one tenth of an average dog lifespan, or around seven human years. Another 2022 study demonstrated that 1,052 dogs fed vegan diets lived 1.5 years longer, on average, than dogs fed meat. Stated Prof. Knight, "This equates to around an extra decade of life for a human. Additionally, dogs fed vegan diets appear less impacted by certain health problems that impair quality of life. However, it is essential that any diets fed be nutritionally-sound."

Prof. Knight also analysed the environmental benefits of vegan pet diets in a major recent study. This demonstrated that if all the world’s pet dogs went vegan, more greenhouse gases than those emitted by the UK would be saved. Knight stated that "Climate change is becoming a major threat to life on Earth. With the livestock sector a leading cause, substantial dietary change is now essential, and that includes pet diets."

Contact Information

Andrew Knight
Veterinary Professor of Animal Welfare
andrew.knight@winchester.ac.uk

SOURCE: Prof. Andrew Knight

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View the original press release on newswire.com.

President Ho Chi Minh’s ideology on agriculture shared at Bangladesh seminar


President Ho Chi Minh’s ideology on farmers and agriculture remains intact, and plays an important role in promoting Vietnam’s advanced agriculture, a development model for countries with similar conditions such as Bangladesh, heard a recent seminar. The event was held in Manikganj district by the Vietnamese Embassy in Bangladesh and a group of Bangladeshi researchers on the late leader on the occasion of his 134th birth anniversary (May 19, 1890-2024) and the 70th anniversary of the Dien Bien Phu Victory (May 7, 1954-2024).

Source: Vietnam News Agency

PAGASA warns of dangerous heat index in 37 areas

MANILA: The weather bureau on Wednesday warned of dangerous heat index levels in 37 areas, with the highest at 47°C expected in Dagupan City, Pangasinan.

The following areas are likely to have heat index ranging from 42°C to 47°C, based on the forecast of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA):

NAIA Pasay City, Metro Manila – 43°C

Science Garden Quezon City, Metro Manila – 42°C

Sinait, Ilocos Sur – 42°C

Laoag City, Ilocos Norte – 42°C

Dagupan City, Pangasinan – 47°C

MMSU, Batac, Ilocos Norte – 44°C

Bacnotan, La Union – 45°C

Aparri, Cagayan – 44°C

Tuguegarao City, Cagayan – 43°C

ISU Echague, Isabela – 43°C

Iba, Zambales – 43°C

Cubi Pt. Subic Bay Olongapo City – 42°C

Sangley Point, Cavite – 43°C

Ambulong. Tanauan, Batangas – 43°C

Alabat, Quezon – 44°C

Calapan, Oriental Mindoro – 42°C

Coron, Palawan – 43°C

San Jose, Occidental Mindoro – 43°C

Puerto Princesa City, Palawan – 43°C

Aborlan, Palawan – 43°C

Cuyo, Palawan – 44°C

Daet, Camarines Nort
e – 42°C

Legazpi City, Albay – 42°C

Virac (Synop), Catanduanes – 45°C

Masbate City, Masbate – 44°C

CBSUA-Pili, Camarines Sur – 46°C

Roxas City Capiz – 46°C

Mambusao, Capiz – 42°C

Iloilo City, Iloilo – 43°C

Dumangas, Iloilo – 44°C

Catarman, Northern Samar – 44°C

Catbalogan, Samar – 43°C

Guiuan, Eastern Samar – 42°C

Maasin, Southern Leyte – 42°C

Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte – 42°C

Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Sur – 44°C

Butuan City, Agusan del Norte – 43°C

PAGASA said heat index is what the temperature feels like to the human body when relative humidity is combined with the air temperature.

The state weather bureau advised the public to limit the time spent outdoors, especially at noon, and drink plenty of water.

People going outdoors are reminded to use umbrellas or wear hats and sleeved clothing.

Meanwhile, the shear line affecting the eastern section of Northern Luzon will bring cloudy skies with scattered rain showers and thunderstorms over Cagayan Valley, the Cordilleras, and Aurora.

M
etro Manila and the rest of the country will have partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rain showers or thunderstorms due to the easterlies.

The northern and western sections of Northern Luzon will have moderate to strong winds and moderate to rough seas.

The rest of the archipelago will have light to moderate winds and slight to moderate seas.

Source: Philippines News Agency

LGUs told to update disaster plans, hazard maps amid looming La Niña

MANILA: The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) on Wednesday urged local government units (LGUs) to update their disaster action plans and hazard maps to mitigate the effects of the looming La Niña phenomenon.

In a Bagong Pilipinas Ngayon briefing, DILG Undersecretary Marlo Iringan said local officials must also regularly hold meetings with their respective disaster risk reduction management councils and conduct a La Niña pre-disaster risk assessment.

“Kinakailangan din na magkaroon ng close coordination with PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration) at with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) particularly iyong ating Mines and Geosciences Bureau nang sa ganoon ma-update iyong kanilang mga (There should also be a close coordination with PAGASA and with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, particularly our Mines and Geosciences Bureau to update their) local hazard maps on rain-induced landslides and floods,”
Iringan added.

He also called for an aggressive clean-up of estero and other waterways to reduce flooding as part of mitigation measures under the agency’s “Operation Listo”.

The”‘Operation Listo” is an advocacy program of the DILG that aims to strengthen the disaster preparedness of LGUs using the whole-of-government approach which institutionalizes local protocols for disaster preparedness, response, and monitoring.

Iringan also cited the need to assess the structural integrity and the capacity of vital facilities such as evacuation centers.

‘Kinakailangan nasusunod iyong mga specifications. At dapat ang mga ito ay hindi located doon sa (The specifications must be followed. And these should not be located in) high-risk areas as identified by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau of the DENR,’ he added.

While most LGUs have already established at least one evacuation center, Iringan said the DILG is assessing the need for some areas to have around two to three evacuation centers to accommodate more evacuees.

He also said the use of schools as evacuation centers is only a last resort.

“But in extreme cases na kinakailangan pong gamitin iyong mga paaralan ay kumukuha po ng pahintulot mula sa (where we need to use the schools, we secure permission from the) Department of Education,” he added.

President Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. earlier directed LGUs to brace for La Niña, which is expected to bring above normal rainfall conditions in the country.

This comes as the country is still reeling from the effects of the El Niño phenomenon.

Source: Philippines News Agency

DAR installs 129 ARBs in southern Negros Occidental since January

BACOLOD CITY: The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) installed some 129 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) in southern Negros Occidental as new owners of agricultural lands awarded to them under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) since January this year.

Data on Wednesday showed the DAR Negros Occidental 2 (South) installed these ARBs on a total of 94.8399 hectares of landholdings from January 1 to May 15, 2024.

Also, the DAR distributed land titles for 398.1384 hectares of agricultural lands to 422 ARBs during the same period.

On May 7, the department installed 14 ARBs on their land in Barangay Bungahin, Isabela town, in rites led by Municipal Agrarian Reform Program Officer Ariel Miranda.

The 7.3016-hectare landholdings formerly owned by Dolores Rufino were covered and acquired by the DAR through compulsory acquisition.

In the neighboring Moises Padilla town, 10 ARBs also occupied their land in Barangay Inolingan on the same day.

The landholdings of 12.4543 hectares, previously owned
by Mercedes Montilla, were also covered and acquired through compulsory acquisition.

Under the process of land acquisition and distribution of the CARP Extension with Reforms, public and private agricultural landholdings are acquired by the government to be distributed to tenants, farmers, farmworkers, and/or other tillers qualified to become ARBs.

Leasing, selling, and unauthorized transfer of the awarded lot would cause their perpetual disqualification from CARP.

Source: Philippines News Agency

Iloilo readies P61-M fund to assist El Niño-hit communities

ILOILO CITY: Iloilo is preparing for the utilization of its PHP61 million quick response fund (QRF) as it placed the entire province under a state of calamity on Tuesday due to the El Niño phenomenon.

Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Officer Cornelio Salinas said they would use the QRF while waiting for the action of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management on the proposed re-programming of the PHP215 million trust fund.

He explained that the declaration comes with a PHP75.78 million budget intended for the mitigating, response, and recovery measures, chargeable in the PHP215 million trust fund.

The trust fund was reprogrammed as a buffer fund for El Niño and La Niña, and for it not to revert to the general fund, Salinas said.

‘The QRF has specific items where it can only be utilized. It can be used for relief goods, fuel, drugs and medicines, and water rationing, among others,’ he said in an interview.

For now, they will utilize the QRF depending
on the request of local government units limited to the items specified in the object of expenditure.

Currently, 15 local government units have declared the state of calamity, but with the provincewide declaration, all 42 municipalities and one component city of the province can also utilize their QRF.

Based on their available data, the damages due to the El Niño phenomenon are valued at over PHP1.02 billion, with 24,029 farmers and fisherfolk affected.

Further, 394 barangays experience water scarcity, while the water supply of 355 barangays is also affected by El Niño.

Source: Philippines News Agency